The crypto-Christians (also called cryphi, klosti, Stavriotes, Kromledes) were Christian Greeks who due to the Muslim persecution against Christians publicly declared themselves Muslims. However, in secret, they upheld their Greek language, customs and Christian religious practices.1
Historically, the single- and double-headed eagle emblems signified major symbols of power. Their origin is from Mesopotamia in the 4th millennium BC and later in the 2nd millennium BC they were used by the Hittites in Anatolia.
In the Black Sea region of Turkey, ‘mad honey’ is produced from the nectar of the Rhododendron ponticum or the Rhododendron luteum which contain grayanotoxin and is consumed as folk medicine. Poisoning due to its consumption has been known for over 2,400 years in Pontos, in north-east Anatolia.