The Pontic Lyra (kemenche) is made up of several components, each of which serves a basic purpose. Listed from 1 through to 11, the following are the basic components of the lyra, each of which bares a name which derives from the Pontian dielect, and which usually describes the function of that particular part. For instance, the bridge is called a Gaidaron (Gr: Γαϊδαρον) which means 'Donkey'  in the Pontic dialect. It's function is to carry a heavy load, that of the 3 chords, and it also looks like a donkey saddle.  Another example is the Palikar (Gr: Παλικάρ) which means 'Strong Man' in Pontic. It's purpose is to hold the 3 chords in place at the base of the lyra.

Name (in Pontic) - Literal meaning - Component name in English

1. Otia (Ωτία) - Ears - Tuning Pegs
2. Kifal (Κιφάλ) - Head - Peg Box
3. Ghoula (Γούλα) - Neck - Hand rest
4. Glossa/Gravat (Γλώσσα/Γραβάτ)- Tongue/Tie - Fingerboard
5. Kapaki (Καπάκι)- Cover - Soundboard
6. Rothonia (Ρωθόνια) - Nostrils - Soundholes
7. Gaidaron (Γαϊδαρον)- Donkey - Bridge
8. Palikar (Παλικάρ) - Strong Man - Tailpiece
9. Skafee (Σκαφή) - Trough - Main Body
10. Stulari (Στουλάρ) - Post - Sound Post
11. Khordes (Χορδές) - Strings - Chords

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